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  • Writer's pictureLuke Nelson

What is the number ONE risk factor for running injury?

Is it shoes? Running surfaces? Training loads? In this blog, we discuss the most often cited factor contributing to running injuries.

The number one factor is.....a previous injury!

It doesn't necessarily have to be the same injury, but the fact that you've been injured before, means you have a 50% increased risk of re-injury! (Sanfilippo 2021, van Poppel 2021, Fields 2010)

🙋🏼‍♂️Why is this the case?

Like any running injury, the causes are multifactorial, but some potential reasons could be:

🏋️‍♀️Did you properly rehabilitate the previous injury?

Are there any persistent strength deficits remaining after the previous injury? It's quite common to see impairments in strength persisting well after a runner has returned to their sport. This could then predispose to the injury reoccurring, or another injury developing.

️Are you repeating the same mistakes you've made in the past?

Factors that may have contributed to your last injury, may be contributing to your current injury. These could be training load errors (i.e. doing too much too soon, running too hard too often), or poor recovery (i.e. high levels of stress, poor sleep & relaxation) or poor nutrition.

So there you have it, a previous injury does make you more prone to future injury. That is why it's important to properly rehabilitate your injuries & try and avoid the things that cause them!

👋Runners, if you need help with your running injuries, please don't hesitate to contact us at










  • Fields, K. B., et al. (2010). "Prevention of running injuries." Curr Sports Med Rep 9(3): 176-182.

  • Sanfilippo, D., et al. (2021). "What Are the Main Risk Factors for Lower Extremity Running-Related Injuries? A Retrospective Survey Based on 3669 Respondents." Orthop J Sports Med 9(11): 23259671211043444.

  • van Poppel, D., et al. (2021). "Risk factors for overuse injuries in short- and long-distance running: A systematic review." J Sport Health Sci 10(1): 14-28


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